The Per Terram, Per Mare: Production and Transport of Roman Amphorae in the Eastern Mediterranean international Conference, will take place in Nicosia, between 12-15 April 2013, at the Anastasios G. Leventis Foundation and the Archaeological Research Unit, University of Cyprus. Both buildings are located on Gladstone (or Gladstonos) Street, close to the old city and the city centre.

The Per Terram Per Mare Conference is organized by the Archaeological Research Unit, University of Cyprus, as part of:

• The Roman Amphorae from Cyprus (ROMACY) project (DIDAKTOR/06/09/62). The Project is co-financed by the European Development Funds and the Republic of Cyprus through the Research Promotion Foundation.

• The Maritime Archaeology Research (M.A.RE) Lab.

Background to the Per Terram Per Mare:

The study of Roman amphorae from the western Mediterranean has progressed significantly during the last forty years, thus adding an important chapter in the history of Roman (ceramic) production, seaborne trade, and economic organisation. As opposed to the western Mediterranean, the material for the eastern Mediterranean remains poorly published, despite the intensive work that has been accomplished during recent years and the identification of new data. The Per Terram, Per Mare Conference is organised in an attempt to produce a synthesis of all this new information, including the identification of new types and the description of their morphology, the scientific examination of their sources, the trade patterns suggested between the various regions, and the import of eastern Mediterranean amphorae to the West, based on our current knowledge.


The aim of the conference is to provide an in-depth and multi-faceted approach to amphora studies and to produce a synthesis of the data obtained from recent research in the eastern Mediterranean, dating from the early to the late Roman period. The intention is to bring together specialists from various fields in order to exchange ideas and communicate results on issues relating to the nature of amphora production and trade. The topics that will be addressed range from typology, archaeometry and seaborne trade to statistical analysis and theoretical perspectives.


The Conference will include oral presentations, practical workshops and excursions to a number of archaeological sites.

Main session themes:

The oral presentations will be related to one of the following main session themes:

• Amphora typology

• Petrography and geochemical properties

• Modes and organisation of production

• Seaborne trade

• Shipwrecks

• Amphora Contents and Capacities


Workshops will include demonstration of manufacturing techniques in a pottery workshop, the examination of the finds from an amphora kiln-site and the inspection of thin-sections of eastern amphorae identified in Cyprus.
A workshop will take place at the Kyreneia II ship, i.e. the replica of the Hellenistic shipwreck discovered in Kyreneia, for the in-situ examination of the procedures involving the on-loading of an amphora cargo on a commercial ship.
The objective is to achieve a practical understanding of the issues that will be examined during the sessions and to stimulate further discussion.


English will be the official language of the conference.


The conference proceedings will be published by 2014, due to logistical reasons. All speakers are kindly requested to provide the first draft of their papers no later than 30 April 2013.

Further information will be published in the recent future.