The Digital Humanities GeoInformatics Laboratory is actively involved in satellite remote sensing research related to archaeology and protection of cultural heritage.
Satellite archaeology is a non-invasive tool for mapping and tracking possible archaeological sites. Nowadays, there are hundreds of satellite images sources which are used to fulfill the archaeological and cultural heritage research agenda covering a large extent of the landscape. Satellite remote sensing mostly uses high-resolution images with different capabilities, as for example infrared bands.
The multispectral optical satellite images can be used to detect man-made structures, landscape characteristics such as vegetation, pedological or geological elements, water sources, and many others. Radar satellite remote sensing allows measurements regarding the material characteristics of the features mentioned above. Satellite (Space) archaeology is an emerging field also in site detection as many archaeological features can be identified based on their specific signatures in vegetation or soils, known as crop-marks or soil-marks. Furthermore, satellite remote sensing represents an important tool in monitoring archaeological and cultural heritage sites in the context of intensive urbanization, anthropogenic hazards, looting, and other threats.